Trial sheds light on how fat composition affects satiety

By Nathan Gray

- Last updated on GMT

Trial sheds light on how fat composition affects satiety

Related tags Fatty acids Nutrition

Meals that are higher in saturated or polyunsaturated have a bigger influence on feelings of fullness than those containing monounsaturated fats, according to new research.

The new study, published in Appetite, suggests that there are distinct differences in how dietary fats in foods and drinks affect feelings of fullness - revealing that different forms of fatty acids in foods have divergent influences on feelings of fullness and on levels of the satiety hormone, peptide YY (PYY).

Led by  Dr Jamie Cooper from Texas Tech University, USA, the research team  compared the effect of different high-fat meals - that ere rich in either monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), or saturated fatty acids (SFAs) - on the satiety hormone, peptide YY (PYY), and subjective feelings of hunger and fullness. 

"Our data indicate that there are differences between dietary FAs on the satiety hormone PYY and subjective measures of fullness,"​ said the research team - noting that meals rich in PUFAs and SFAs had greater PYY response than a MUFA-rich meal.

"Subjective feelings of fullness were greater, and responses for how much they thought they could eat were lower, for the SFA-rich meal compared to either the PUFA- or MUFA-rich meals while hunger responses did not differ between treatment groups,"​ said Cooper and her team.

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