Coca-Cola controversy kills anti-obesity group

By David Burrows

- Last updated on GMT

“The scientific nonsense being peddled by the Coca-Cola-funded Global Energy Balance Network is outrageous,” said Michael Jacobson, president of the Center for Science in the Public Interest.
“The scientific nonsense being peddled by the Coca-Cola-funded Global Energy Balance Network is outrageous,” said Michael Jacobson, president of the Center for Science in the Public Interest.

Related tags: Nutrition

A specialist group formed to combat obesity has been binned after it was forced to return a huge chunk of funding to Coca-Cola amid allegations of industry-biased science.

“Effective immediately, [the Global Energy Balance Network] is discontinuing operations due to resource limitations,” ​the website states.

The Global Energy Balance Network (GEBN) was set up last year ostensibly to look at science-based solutions to prevent and reduce diseases associated with obesity, poor nutrition and inactivity.

In a video to launch the group, vice president and exercise scientist Steven Blair said most of the focus in the popular and scientific press is “blaming fast food, blaming sugary drinks and so on. And there’s really virtually no compelling evidence that that, in fact, is the cause.”

Who was running the show?

But from the outset the group was criticised as being industry-biased and concerned solely with shifting the spotlight from diet to lack of exercise as the major cause of obesity, it was claimed.

Chief amongst the critics was Michael Jacobson, president of the Center for Science in the Public Interest.

“The scientific nonsense being peddled by the Coca-Cola-funded Global Energy Balance Network is outrageous,”​ he said, pointing to a report by the US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee this year that provided “compelling evidence”​ for the causal link between sugary drinks and disease, as well as the need for exercise.

In August the New York Times reported that the network’s website was actually registered to Coca-Cola, whilst a $1m (€0.9m) donation was not disclosed. “They [Coca-Cola] are not running the show,”​ said GEBN’s president James Hill at the time. “We’re running the show.”

But leaked emails suggested otherwise. Last month the Associated Press reported that executives at the drinks brand had held meetings and conference calls to “hash out​” the group’s mission and activities. They also had a say in the logo – any colour apart from blue, which is used by rival Pepsi.

The ambition had been for the group to quickly establish itself as the place the media goes to for comment on any obesity issue. But a couple of weeks on and Hill, who is also professor of pediatrics and medicine and director of the Center for Human Nutrition at the University of Colorado, had changed his tune.

Hill told the BMJ​ medical journal that the donation had been returned in November because it was “distracting from the important work of the organisation”.​ Given that other sources of funding were not sufficient to allow us to accomplish our goals, GEBN had to be wound up, he said.

In a statement to the journal he explained how Coca-Cola had suggested some wording changes to the mission statement of the group but maintained that the company did not direct GEBN’s activities.

He added: “Any strategy to reduce obesity must involve diet and physical activity to be successful.”

This is not in doubt, but it seems that Coca-Cola tried to tip the balance way too far in its favour. Desperate attempts to repair the damage done proved fruitless, as our sister title previously reported​.

'A rogue's gallery' of science and industry bias

Coca-Cola’s boss Muhtar Kent is reported elsewhere admitting that “there was not a sufficient level of transparency with regard to the company’s involvement with the Global Energy Balance Network”​.

Speaking recently on disclosure more generally, Professor Tom Sanders, emeritus professor of nutrition dietetics at Kings College London, suggested that the desire to cover up any dubious links between business and nutrition research remained strong.

In an email to FoodNavigator, Sanders claimed he could put together a rogues gallery of links between professors of nutrition and business that had not been made public.

“I believe in open and transparent declaration of interest but I have taken quite a lot of stick for doing so,”​ he wrote.

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Storm in a tea cup (or, in this case, a soda can)

Posted by Mary-Jo Overwater-Gervasio, MSc, MMSc, RDN, ACC,

Storm in a tea cup (or, in this case, a soda can)

I'm really sorry to hear that the GEBN had to cease its operations. I was looking forward to more research on exercise and weight management in the obese population -- an area that needs more study. I can't imagine Drs. Hill and Blair 'selling out' their studies and results to suit Coca-Cola's agenda. Both gentlemen have been staunch advocates and researchers for optimal fitness, healthy eating, and anti-obesity for 30+ years and have already contributed extremely helpful insights and practical information that has enriched those of us called to tackle these issues. What made some of their esteemed colleagues think they would do otherwise?! I'm all for transparency, and it was a mistake if proper disclosures were not made, but I personally do not see a problem with using funds from industry -- even one of the very industries that has contributed to overconsumption of calories. That could've been a million dollars much better used than to manufacture, market, and peddle more product. It's a bit myopic on the part of self-righteous academics to not use industry funds. Moreover, in many universities and academic settings, not to mention non-profits and NGOs, monies used for research, programs, and projects most likely comes from benefactors and philanthropists who have made their fortunes on the backs of BigTobacco, BigFood/Drink, BigFossilFuels, BigBanks, BigPropertyDevelopment, BigIT, etc. I think it was wrong to single out the GEBN to the point of closing it down.

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Energy Balance Theory is an Illusion

Posted by Grant Roberts,

Like professional magicians,Food and Beverage manufacturers rely on "energy balance" to distract consumers from the truth.
Energy in the form of calories is not an accurate measure unless you happen to be a metal oven. Humans have a significantly more complicated digestive system where all energy containing nutrients ( protein, fats and carbs) are not created equal.
Simply put: we need to deliver the essential nutrients we need to live thrive and survive - the nutrient generally masked by the energy balance theory is the non essential category of carbohydrates that are cheap to produce, long shelf life and provide nothing other than a source of energy.

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