dispatches from HiE 2016

Teff: The next ‘ancient grain’ to make nutrition ripples?

By Annie Harrison-Dunn contact

- Last updated on GMT

Teff Growers South Africa is hoping to export this tiny iron-rich grain to Europe. ©iStock/marekulias
Teff Growers South Africa is hoping to export this tiny iron-rich grain to Europe. ©iStock/marekulias

Related tags: Africa, Cereal

The success of chia and quinoa has opened the door for other less-known ancient grains, but one South African company exporting teff is wary of a boom and bust effect.

Marketing director of Teff Growers South Africa, Charles Wessels, first started growing teff as hay for his polo horses back in 2009, when someone suggested that the grain traditionally eaten in Africa might be worth keeping too.

Now, with the help of the Swiss Import Promotion Programme (SIPPO), the company is hoping to export the tiny iron-rich grain to Europe.

Teff has been eaten in Africa for thousands of year as a seed and flour.

In the world’s largest producing country, Ethiopia, it is still one of the most important crops for farm income and food security, generating almost $500m (€469.77m) income per year for 6.3 million farm households​ in 2012.

Elsewhere the gluten-free grain found fame only recently, attracting media attention as ‘the next big grain’ following hype around chia and quinoa. Yet

teff ancient grain africa iStock reidecki
©iStock/reidecki

the company is treading carefully in these fashionable footsteps.

Lessons learnt 

“I don’t want to be labelled by that. Yes, there are lessons to be learnt, and that’s why we are trying to not produce a lot more than the market is asking for every year,” ​grain sourcing manager Hannes Maartenstold us at the industry event Health ingredients Europe (HiE) this week, which the company attended with SIPPO.

“I think quinoa had a very large boom and everybody jumped on this quinoa and then it dropped tremendously, it reached a plateau.

“And there was a detrimental effect on the supply chain down to the producers and everybody had a shock because there was this huge amount and there was a little bit of resistance because the price went up tremendously [in the boom] and then it dropped again to a more reasonable level.”

Sustainable growth 

Instead the company is keen to take a more conservative approach.

“Sustainability is paramount. We don’t want to have a large spike, just take it as it comes.”

teff
Updated nutritional information provided by the company. 

Nevertheless the company has been doubling its harvest each year, with 70-100 growers cultivating about 4-5,000 tonnes from 15,000 acres of land this year in the South African area of Bloemfontein.

Teff Growers only mills the product into flour, but Maartens said it had potential in grain, popped or milled form in various products form bakery, cereals and sports nutrition.

The company is also on the look out to sell the 50,000 annual tonnage of forage from the crop as animal feed, which Maartens said was in particular export demand because of recent droughts.

Correction

The nutritional information provided by the company and quoted in the original version of this article has now been updated.

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3 comments

Spelling is important

Posted by Miss Human,

draught
drɑːft/Submit
noun
1.
a current of cool air in a room or other confined space.
"heavy curtains at the windows cut out draughts"
synonyms: current of air, rush of air, breath, whiff, waft, wind, breeze, gust, puff, blast, gale; More
2.
a single act of drinking or inhaling.
"she downed the remaining beer in one draught"
adjective
1.
denoting beer or cider served from a barrel or tank rather than from a bottle or can.
"draught ale"
2.
denoting an animal used for pulling heavy loads.
"a draught horse"


VS

A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in its water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.

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Teff promotion

Posted by Lucille Cholerton - Specialist in celiac disease and gluten sensitivity,

Teff is a highly nutritious gluten-free grain and should be sold as a flour in all Health Shops. It can be a wonderful ingredient in gluten free bread recipes, as well as muffins, pancakes etc. It just needs more promotion and advertising!

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concerning the iron amount stated in above article on Teff

Posted by Robin Dickmann,

The amount of iron is incorrect (i.e.58.9 g iron in 100 g serving of teff). This amount makes no sense. According to the USDA Nutrient database, 100 grams of teff, uncooked, has 7.6 mg iron. The RDI for iron (adult women 19 - 50 years old) is 18 mg/day. Calcium amount in 100 grams of uncooked teff is about 180 mg.

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